The lower world. The home of infernal beings.
Scripture. Canonical literature.
The four types of karmas whose powers are much milder than those of the four-ghati karmas. These powers end at the end of a life.
Non-violence as the supreme religion.
One who is incapable of attaining moksha.
Abandonment of all incontience.
"The highest state of a Digambara layman
Prohibition of animal sacrifice.
"Non-singular conclusivity' or multiplicity of viewpoints. The concept that humans
A Ghati karma that obstructs the strength of a soul.
"A vow that is not as strict as a Mahavrat. Anuvrats are for people living family lives. The five vratas are: Ahimsa (non-violence)
Non-possessiveness.One of the mahavrats and anuvrats.
"One of the six divisions of time in one half of the time cycle. Runs from thousands to billions of years. We are currently in the 5th ara of the descending half of the time cycle
Violence occurring either accidentally or through the performance of an acceptable occupation.
The lamp-waving ceremony.
A piece of cloth worn by ancient Jaina monks.
"Conqueror of internal enemies
Karmic influx. One of the nine tattvas.
Non-stealing. One of the mahavrats and anuvrats.
Thirty-five special attributes of Tirthankaras.
"One who may come any time
Eating only a very small portion of food.
Regressive half of the time cycle.
Karma that determines the span of a given lifetime.
An aghati karma that determines how long you will live.
Karmic bondage. One of the nine tattvas.
"Souls that live with two sense
Name of a kshetra. We live in Bharat Kshetra. It is located in the southern part of Jambu Dweep (look at geography section for more details).
"Internal. States of a dravya.Thoughts
Karma that restricts enjoyment.
The life of a student.The first of four stages that a Jain shravak and shravika are recommended to pass through in his or her lifetime.
"A prayer to the twenty-four Tirthankaras of this kaal in Bharat Kshetra. We list
"Soul that lives with four senses
A type of karma that hinders the practice of charity.
Vision. Intuition. Insight. Perception. A system of philosophy.A pure soul has infinite vision.
A ghati karma that obstructs the capacity of a soul to see things clearly.
Divine' cloth. A finely woven piece of cloth.
Heaven. The place where devs reside.
Patience. A pure soul has infinite patience.
Holy law. Elements in Buddhist doctrine. Righteousness (ten forms).
"Miraculous sound. When a Tirthankara attains enlightenment
Sky-clad. Name of the Jaina sect whose mendicants practice ascetic nudity.
Forgive me (or dissolve my mistakes).
"Island. A large isolated area. There are two and a half dweeps
Extremism. Absolutist doctrine.
A mendicant who wears a single piece of cloth.
A being with only one sense faculty- that of touch. A synonym for sthavara beings.
"The first mendicant disciples of Tirthankaras.Supporters of the order. Mahavir had eleven
"The four types of karmas
One who practices severe austerities.
Knowledge.A pure soul has infinite knowledge.
A ghati karma that obstructs the capacity of soul to know things in their purest forms.
Karmas that determine environmental circumstances.
Family life. The second of four stages that a Jain shravak and shravika are recommended to pass through in his or her lifetime.
The fourteen stages of purification.
Retraints that reinforce the practice of anuvratas.
A period of avasarpini in which extraordinary events may take place.
Laypeople in charge of priestly functions within certain Jaina communities.
"The continent of the rose-apple tree. The realm in the universe that is inhabited by humans. This region is transverse by six mountains which divide the region into seven regions.The most important regions are India in the south
Birth. One of the five auspicious events in the career of a Tirthankara.
"Conqueror. He who has conquered love and hate
Compassion toward living beings.
"Area of space in which zodiac planets
"Time. Time stages within the progressive and regressive half-cycles. Runs into more than billions of years
Ceremony of giving away the bride.
"A motionless state of body
"Infinite vision and perception. After acquiring it
Infinite knowledge. Knowledge isolated from karmic obstruction. Omniscience. Knowledge involving awareness of every existent in all its qualities and modes.
One who has kevalgnan. Synonym for arhat.
Minor. A junior monk. A Jaina layman on the eleventh pratima. One who wears three pieces of clothing.
(Masters) of the entire universe.
"Name of a kshetra. Twenty Tirthankaras currently exist there
"Twenth-fourth Tirthankara in this ara of the time cycle.His name means 'The most courageous one. Mahavir was an actual historical figure who lived some time between 599-527 BCE.He was a contemporary of another great spiritual teacher--Gautama Sakyamuni--who would come to be known in history as Buddha.According to most accounts
"A vow that is much stricter than an Anuvrat. Only those who take diksha will take on these vows (i..sadhus and sadhvis). There are five mahavrats- namely ahimsa
Destroyer of sins. Auspicious.
A prayer with strong psychological powers.
A ghati karma that obstructs the capacity of soul to think properly.
"The topmost area of the universe
"One who keeps maun. He only observes
An aghati karma that determines the body
Expression of respect to the virtuous gurus.
"Reverent salutation to the five holy beings- arihants
Dissociation of karma. One of the nine tattvas.
Sacred sound formed by combining the first syllable of each word in the namaskara mantra.
Formality for taking a vow.
The five auspicious events in the life of a Tirthankara.
The highest liberated soul.
Souls render service to one another. From Tattvartha Sutra 1: 4: 1.
The ninth stage in which a layman abandons the cares of worldly possessions.
A ten-day holy period for fasting during the rainy season (usually August or September).
A day chosen by a householder to live like a muni.
"Going back to the original virtues (of soul)
Stages of renunciation for a layman.
Sexual cravings for a female.
Name of a class of sacred texts dealing with the lives of Tirthankaras.
"A group of fourteen Jaina canonical texts
Name of a dweep. Only half of it is used for living.
Desire. Passion. Attachment.
"Geographical term.The universe is divided into 14 Rajloks
"A male who has given up the family life
"A female who has given up the family life
"Voluntary and controlled fasting to death. This is a very misunderstood and controversial concept in Jainism. It is believed that in 420 BCE
State of calmness and sinlessness of mind and speech. Usually 48 minutes for householders and a lifetime for sadhus and sadhvis.
"Five areas of caution: walking
"Awakening of the soul to the right path. Once a soul has samkeet
Holy assembly of the Jina.
Cycle of transmigration for all non-liberated souls.
Stoppage of the influx of karmas. One of the nine tattvas.
A prefix used to indicate respect.
"One who has achieved complete liberation from cycles of births and deaths
Ritual act of asking a monk to stop for alms.
A scripture written in the ancient Ardhamaghdhi language.
Penance which contributes to the destruction of karmas. A pure soul has infinite tapa.
"Builders of the ford.?? One who reestablishes the religion and fourfold society system of Sadhus
Family and service to society. This is the third of four stages that a Jain shravak and shravika are recommended to pass through in his or her lifetime.
Ritual celebrating the establishment of a new household by a married son.
An aghati karma that determines the mundane experience of pain and pleasure.
Strength. A pure soul has infinite strength.
Beginning of the Jaina era. Death anniversary of Mahavir.
One from whom attachment is gone for materials.
The soul's ineradicable tendency towards spiritual growth.
A spiritually advanced layman of the Svetambara sect.
A measure of distance equal to about eight or nine miles.